The word “vaginal discharge,” which is used medically, refers to the fluid that leaks from the vagina. It’s how your body eliminates germs, fluids from your cervix and vagina, and dead vaginal skin cells to assist safeguard your urine and vaginal systems from illness. It also maintains the tissues of your vagina clean and lubricated. Vaginal discharge can vary in quantity and consistency depending on your hormone levels, which is why you may experience these variations before your period, during pregnancy, or when taking hormonal birth control.
You should anticipate pink discharge at the start or conclusion of your menstrual period. One of the most frequent causes of this, while there are others, is spotting or having periods that may last less than two days.
Causes of pink discharge
Miscarriages occur in 10 to 20 percent of pregnancies before the fetus is 10 weeks old. A sudden outpouring of clear or pink fluid or severe red bleeding are examples of symptoms that might appear. Additional signs include:
- Lower abdominal discomfort or cramps when releasing tissue or blood clots from the brown vaginal discharge
- Dizziness fainting
- Early pregnancy bleeding is common, but it’s crucial to tell your doctor if you see pink discharge or other signs that indicate a miscarriage.
After giving delivery, there is a four to six-week bleeding phase. This discharge, known as lochia, smells musty and stale. Heavy crimson bleeding and tiny clots mark the beginning of lochia. The bleeding gradually gets lighter and turns pink or brown starting around day four. It gradually becomes even lighter after day ten and changes to a creamy or yellowish hue before ceasing. If you see huge clots or unpleasant-smelling discharge, tell your doctor. These might indicate an infection.
Other infections or pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Pink blood and other odd discharges caused by gonorrhea, chlamydia, and other STIs, are possible. These infections may not initially manifest any symptoms. These signs and symptoms can be present when:
- bleeding during sexual activity, uncomfortable urination
- pelvic pressure or discomfort
- between cycles, spotting, and irritation in the vagina
Without treatment, STIs can infect the reproductive organs and lead to PID or pelvic inflammatory disease. Along with other STI symptoms, this infection may cause fever.
PID can cause infertility and severe pelvic discomfort if it is not addressed.
Uncancerous tissue growth in or near the uterus is known as a fibroid. Symptoms are not usually present with fibroids. Abnormal vaginal bleeding is seen as an early indication when this occurs. Pink coloration can be seen in the cervical fluid that contains light bleeding or spotting.
Other signs can include:
- Low back or pelvic discomfort
- Difficulty peeing or discomfort with urination during sex
Perimenopause is when a woman’s body changes from menopause, when menstrual periods halt, to menopause. Estrogen levels fluctuate wildly during this period. Pink spotting or irregular periods may happen as a result. Additional signs include:
- hot flashes, difficulty sleeping, dry genitalia
- mood changes
- In your mid-30s to early 40s, perimenopause symptoms often start to manifest.
Risks associated with pink discharge before pregnancy
Pink vaginal discharge can occur at any point throughout your menstrual cycle, even during your period. It’s not always a cause for alarm. Clear cervical fluid may mingle with blood on its passage out of the uterus, making it pink. Infection or a hormone imbalance are just some illnesses that this hue might indicate. You can find the root reason by examining the timing of the discharge and any additional symptoms you may have.
Rarely, pink discharge from Trusted Source may be an indication of cervical cancer. Unusual bleeding after intercourse, in between menstrual cycles, or after menopause are the most typical indications of invasive malignancy. Early cervical cancer discharge is frequently watery, clear, or white in color. Blood that combines with it could appear pink.
Advanced cancer symptoms include:
- fat loss exhaustion
- pelvic pain
- edema in the legs
- having trouble peeing or pooping
When to consult a doctor?
Pink discharge isn’t always a cause for alarm, particularly if it happens around the time of your anticipated period. A typical menstrual cycle lasts between 21 and 35 days, from the beginning of one period to the beginning of the next. The actual time frame usually ranges from two to seven days. A doctor should be seen if bleeding or spotting occurs outside this window and is accompanied by additional symptoms, including discomfort, fever, or dizziness. If you suffer any bleeding while pregnant, consult a doctor. The pink discharge could be typical, particularly during the early stages of pregnancy or around the time of implantation. Any discomfort, lightheadedness, tissue, or clots may indicate an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage.
Treatment of pink discharge before pregnancy
The pink discharge might be a transitory side effect while your body adjusts to perimenopause or hormonal contraception, or it could be a normal component of your monthly cycle. The course of action in other circumstances will depend on the underlying problem. For instance:
- HRT or antidepressants that increase serotonin are used to address estrogen abnormalities.
- Breakthrough bleeding brought on by hormonal contraception should stop within a few months. If not, you can talk to a doctor about alternative birth control options.
- Cysts in the ovaries may disappear on their own. If the cyst becomes particularly big or twists, surgery can be required.
- Ectopic pregnancies can be treated surgically to remove the pregnancy from the fallopian tube and with drugs like methotrexate to stop serious internal bleeding following a rupture, emergency surgery is required.
- A miscarriage could go away on its own. A dilation and curettage procedure might be necessary if the fetus doesn’t completely exit the uterus. As you are sedated during this procedure, your doctor will use medication to widen your cervix to remove any leftover tissue, curettes cut or suction.
- Antibiotics are needed for infections such as STIs and PID. During and after treatment, practice safe sex to prevent re-infection.
- Surgery is used to treat uterine fibroids and remove the growths.
- Antidepressants or short-term hormone replacement treatment are two options for treating perimenopause symptoms. Some people may be able to control their symptoms without using medication.
- Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery may all be used as cervical cancer treatments. Some female patients combine these therapies.
It is typical for women to have vaginal bleeding when pregnant, especially in the first trimester. However, you should never hesitate to notify your doctor if you have bleeding, since there may be more serious causes. You should keep track of how much bleeding you have and if it hurts or not. If you require more testing, your doctor may want to examine you personally. If you notice a lot of blood, you should go right to the emergency hospital (passing clots or soaking through your clothes).